The pg_array extension adds support for Sequel to handle PostgreSQL's array types.
This extension integrates with Sequel's native postgres adapter, so that when array fields are retrieved, they are parsed and returned as instances of Sequel::Postgres::PGArray. PGArray is a DelegateClass of Array, so it mostly acts like an array, but not completely (is_a?(Array) is false). If you want the actual array, you can call PGArray#to_a. This is done so that Sequel does not treat a PGArray like an Array by default, which would cause issues.
In addition to the parsers, this extension comes with literalizers for PGArray using the standard Sequel literalization callbacks, so they work with on all adapters.
To turn an existing Array into a PGArray:
You can also provide a type, though it many cases it isn't necessary:
Sequel.pg_array(array, :varchar) # or :integer, :"double precision", etc. array.pg_array(:varchar) # or :integer, :"double precision", etc.
So if you want to insert an array into an integer database column:
DB[:table].insert(:column=>Sequel.pg_array([1, 2, 3]))
To use this extension, first load it into your Sequel::Database instance:
If you are not using the native postgres adapter and are using array types as model column values you probably should use the pg_typecast_on_load plugin in the model, and set it to typecast the array column(s) on load.
This extension by default includes handlers for array types for all scalar types that the native postgres adapter handles. It also makes it easy to add support for other array types. In general, you just need to make sure that the scalar type is handled and has the appropriate converter installed in Sequel::Postgres::PG_TYPES under the appropriate type OID. Then you can call Sequel::Postgres::PGArray::DatabaseMethods#register_array_type to automatically set up a handler for the array type. So if you want to support the foo type (assuming the foo type is already supported):
You can also register array types on a global basis using Sequel::Postgres::PGArray.register. In this case, you'll have to specify the type oids:
Sequel::Postgres::PGArray.register('foo', :oid=>4321, :scalar_oid=>1234)
Both Sequel::Postgres::PGArray::DatabaseMethods#register_array_type and Sequel::Postgres::PGArray.register support many options to customize the array type handling. See the Sequel::Postgres::PGArray.register method documentation.
If you want an easy way to call PostgreSQL array functions and operators, look into the pg_array_ops extension.
This extension requires both the json and delegate libraries.
Copyright (c) 2010 Brian Carlson (gmail at brian.m.carlson.com)
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